Vehicle Extrication: Principles and Practice, Levels I & II 1 Ed.

Sweet, David A. F.
Vehicle Extrication: Principles and Practice, Levels I & II
Especialidad: Urgencias
ISBN: 9781449648824
Publicación: 2011
Idioma: Ingles

Technical rescuers need to know how to safely and effectively operate at small and large vehicle and machinery extrication incidents. Vehicle Extrication Levels I & II: Principles and Practice provides all the critical knowledge and skills necessary for technical rescue teams to perform in these environments

1 Introduction to Vehicle Extrication 1 (11)
Introduction
2 (1)
Levels of Training
3 (4)
NFPA 1006, Standard for Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications, 2008 Edition
3 (1)
NFPA 1670, Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue Incidents, 2009 Edition
4 (3)
Vehicle Extrication Resources
7 (5)
2 Rescue Incident Management 12 (20)
Introduction
14 (1)
Incident Command System
14 (2)
Jurisdictional Authority
15 (1)
All-Risk and All-Hazard System
15 (1)
Unity of Command
15 (1)
Span of Control
15 (1)
Modular Organization
15 (1)
Common Terminology
15 (1)
Integrated Communications
16 (1)
Consolidated Incident Action Plans
16 (1)
Designated Incident Facilities
16 (1)
Resource Management
16 (1)
ICS Organization
16 (5)
Public Information Officer
17 (1)
Safety Officer
17 (1)
Liaison Officer
18 (1)
ICS Sections
18 (3)
Additional ICS Terminology
21 (1)
Needs Assessment
21 (2)
Hazard Analysis
21 (1)
Organizational Analysis
21 (1)
Risk?Benefit Analysis
22 (1)
Level of Response Analysis
22 (1)
Resource Management
23 (2)
Personnel Accountability
23 (1)
Equipment Inventory and Tracking Systems
23 (2)
Long-Term Operations
25 (1)
Safety
26 (1)
Incident Response Planning
26 (1)
Problem Identification
26 (1)
Resource Identification and Allocation
26 (1)
Operational Procedures
26 (1)
Standard Operating Procedures
26 (6)
3 Mechanical Energy and Vehicle Anatomy 32 (22)
Introduction
34 (1)
Energy
34 (1)
Vehicular Collision Classifications
35 (3)
Event 1. Vehicle Impact with Object
35 (1)
Event 2. Occupant Impact with Vehicle
36 (1)
Event 3. Occupant Organs Impact Solid Structures of the Body
36 (1)
Front Impact Collisions
37 (1)
Rear-End Collisions
37 (1)
Lateral (Side-Impact) Collisions
37 (1)
Rollovers
38 (1)
Rotational Collisions
38 (1)
The Vehicle System
38 (1)
Vehicle Classifications
38 (1)
Vehicle Identification Numbers
38 (1)
Vehicle Propulsion Systems
39 (1)
Conventional Vehicles
39 (1)
Hybrid Vehicles
39 (1)
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles
40 (1)
Electric-Powered Vehicles
40 (1)
Electricity
40 (1)
Steel
40 (1)
Frame Systems
41 (1)
Body-Over-Frame Construction
41 (1)
Unibody Construction
41 (1)
Space Frame Construction
41 (1)
Vehicle Anatomy and Structural Components
42 (7)
Rocker Panel
43 (1)
Doors
43 (2)
Roof Posts
45 (4)
Vehicle Glass
49 (5)
Laminated Safety Glass
49 (1)
Tempered Safety Glass
49 (1)
Enhanced Protective Glass
49 (1)
Polycarbonate
49 (1)
Ballistic Glass
50 (4)
4 Advanced Vehicle Technology: Alternative Powered Vehicles 54 (30)
Introduction
56 (2)
Safety
58 (1)
Alternative Fuels
58 (9)
Ethanol and Methanol
59 (1)
Natural Gas
59 (4)
Liquid Petroleum Gas
63 (2)
Biodiesel
65 (1)
Hydrogen
65 (2)
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles
67 (5)
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Electrical Design
69 (1)
Hydrogen Storage System for a Fuel Cell Vehicle
69 (1)
Hydrogen Fuel Cell Emergency Procedures
70 (2)
Hybrid Electric Vehicles
72 (5)
Full and Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicle Designs
73 (1)
Voltage Color Coding
74 (1)
Hybrid Electric Vehicle Drive Systems
75 (1)
Hybrid Electric Vehicle Emergency Procedures
75 (2)
All-Electric Vehicles
77 (2)
All-Electric Vehicles Emergency Procedures
79 (1)
Ongoing Education
79 (5)
5 Supplemental Restraint Systems 84 (16)
Introduction
86 (1)
Supplemental Restraint Systems
86 (6)
Air Bag Deployment Process
87 (1)
Air Bag Components
88 (4)
Roll-over Protection System
92 (1)
Seat Belt Pretensioning System
92 (2)
Emergency Procedures
94 (6)
Disconnecting Power
94 (1)
Recognizing and Identifying Air Bags
94 (1)
Distancing
95 (1)
Extrication Precautions
96 (4)
6 Tools and Equipment 100 (44)
Introduction
102 (1)
Personal Protective Equipment
102 (5)
Head Protection
102 (1)
Body Protection
102 (1)
Eye and Face Protection
103 (1)
Hand Protection
104 (1)
Foot Protection
105 (1)
Hearing Protection
105 (1)
Respiratory Protection
106 (1)
Maintenance of PPE
107 (1)
Hand Tools
107 (8)
Striking Tools
109 (1)
Leverage/Prying/Spreading Tools
110 (1)
Cutting Tools
111 (2)
Lifting/Pushing/Pulling Tools
113 (2)
Pneumatic Tools
115 (7)
Pneumatic Cutting Tools
117 (2)
Pneumatic Rotating Tools
119 (1)
Pneumatic Lifting Tools
119 (3)
Electric Tools
122 (5)
Electric Cutting Tools
124 (1)
Electric Lifting/Pulling Tools
125 (1)
Electric Lighting
126 (1)
Fuel-Powered Cutting Tools
127 (2)
Chainsaws
127 (1)
Rotary Saws
128 (1)
Cutting Torches
128 (1)
Hydraulic Tools
129 (3)
Hydraulic Spreader
130 (1)
Hydraulic Cutter
131 (1)
Hydraulic Ram
131 (1)
Hydraulic Combination Tool
131 (1)
Stabilization Tools
132 (3)
Cribbing
132 (1)
Struts
133 (1)
Jacks
133 (1)
Ratchet Straps
134 (1)
Organization of Equipment
135 (1)
Rescue Vehicles
135 (1)
Light Rescue Vehicles
135 (1)
Medium Rescue Vehicles
135 (1)
Heavy Rescue Vehicles
136 (1)
Special-Purpose/Multipurpose Vehicles
136 (1)
Special Equipment
136 (2)
Foam
136 (1)
Signaling Devices
137 (1)
Power Detection
137 (1)
Victim Packaging and Removal Equipment
138 (1)
Stretchers and Litters
138 (1)
Research Tools
139 (5)
7 Site Operations 144 (28)
Introduction
147 (1)
Safety
147 (1)
Time Management
148 (1)
Responding to the Scene
149 (6)
Personal Protective Equipment
149 (1)
Dispatch Information
149 (2)
Traffic
151 (1)
Crowd Control
152 (1)
Personnel Resources
152 (7)
Personnel Rehabilitation
159
Equipment Resources
155 (1)
Communication and Documentation
155 (1)
Scene Size-up
155 (7)
Scene Size-up Report
157 (1)
Inner and Outer Surveys
158 (2)
Incident Action Plan
160 (2)
Establishing Scene Safety Zones
162 (1)
Specific Hazards
163 (3)
Fire Hazards
163 (2)
Electrical Hazards
165 (1)
Fuel Sources
165 (1)
Fuel Run-off
165 (1)
Ignition Sources
166 (1)
Hazardous Materials
166 (1)
Other Hazards
166 (1)
Air Medical Operations
166 (6)
Helicopter Medical Evacuation Operations
167 (1)
Establishing a Landing Zone
167 (1)
Landing Zone Safety
168 (4)
8 Vehicle Stabilization 172 (22)
Introduction
174 (1)
Cribbing
175 (1)
Wood Characteristics
175 (1)
Wood Box Cribbing
175 (1)
Vehicle Positioning
176 (14)
The Vehicle in Its Normal Position
176 (4)
The Vehicle Resting on Its Side
180 (4)
The Vehicle Upside Down or Vehicle Resting on Its Roof
184 (2)
Vehicle on Vehicle or an Object on Top of a Vehicle
186 (4)
Hidden Dangers and Energy Sources
190 (4)
9 Victim Access and Management 194 (48)
Introduction
197 (1)
Access Points
198 (10)
Access Through Doors
198 (1)
Access Through Windows
198 (1)
The Backboard Slide Technique
199 (1)
Tempered Safety Glass
199 (3)
Laminated Safety Glass
202 (4)
Polycarbonate Windows and Ballistic-Rated Glass
206 (2)
Removing the Windshield from a Partially Ejected Victim
208 (1)
Using Hydraulic Rescue Tools to Gain Door and Roof Access
208 (9)
Door Access from the Latch Side: The Vertical Spread
210 (2)
Door Access from the Hinge Side: Front Wheel Well Crush
212 (2)
The Complete Side Removal Technique: The Side-Out
214 (3)
Removing the Vehicle from the Victim
217 (2)
Roof Removal
217 (2)
Relocating the Dashboard, Steering Wheel, and Steering Column
219 (14)
The Dash Roll Technique
221 (3)
The Dash Lift Technique
224 (6)
Steering Wheel and Steering Column Relocation
230 (3)
Providing Initial Medical Care
233 (3)
Airway
233 (1)
Breathing
234 (1)
Circulation
234 (1)
Triage
235 (1)
Victim Packaging and Removal
236 (6)
Transport
236 (6)
10 Alternative Extrication Techniques 242 (26)
Introduction
244 (1)
Tunneling
244 (3)
Seat Removal
247 (1)
Front Seat Removal
247 (1)
Impingement and Penetrating Objects
248 (4)
Impingement
248 (4)
Penetrating Objects
252 (1)
Roof Removal
252 (8)
Roof Removal Using the Air Chisel
254 (2)
Roof Removal Using the Reciprocating Saw
256 (2)
Rapid Roof Removal: Vehicle on Its Side
258 (2)
Door Removal Hinge Side
260 (2)
Side Removal: Vehicle Upside Down or Resting on Its Roof
262 (2)
Pedal Displacement and Removal
264 (4)
11 Commercial Vehicles 268 (54)
Introduction
271 (2)
School Buses
273 (28)
School Bus Anatomy
274 (3)
Site Operations: School Buses
277 (5)
Victim Access: School Buses
282 (17)
Alternative Fueled Buses
299 (2)
Commercial Trucks
301 (21)
Commercial Truck Classifications
301 (3)
Commercial Truck Anatomy
304 (7)
Hazardous Materials
311 (4)
Site Operations: Commercial Trucks
315 (1)
Victim Access: Commercial Trucks
315 (7)
12 Agricultural Extrication 322 (22)
Introduction
325 (1)
Machine Safety
325 (4)
Machine Hazards
325 (2)
Power Sources
327 (2)
Tractors
329 (10)
Site Operations
330 (2)
Stabilization
332 (4)
Victim Access and Management
336 (3)
Terminating a Machinery Incident
339 (5)
13 Terminating the Incident 344 (12)
Introduction
346 (1)
Terminating an Incident
346 (10)
Securing the Scene
346 (1)
Securing Equipment
347 (1)
Securing Personnel
348 (2)
Post-Incident Analysis
350 (1)
Documentation and Record Management
351 (5)
Appendix A NFPA 1006, Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications, 2008 Edition, ProBoard Matrix Correlation 356 (6)
Appendix B NFPA 1006, Standard for Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications, 2008 Edition Correlation 362 (2)
Appendix C NFPA 1670, Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue Incidents, 2009 Edition Correlation 364 (3)
Glossary 367 (13)
Index 380 (17)
Credits 397

Vehicle Extrication Levels I & II: Principles and Practice meets and exceeds all the job performance requirements as outlined in chapters 4, 5, and 10 from the 2008 Edition of NFPA 1006, Standard for Technical Rescuer Professional Qualifications to achieve the competencies as a Level I and II Vehicle and Machinery technical rescuer. In addition, this text covers all the objectives outlined in NFPA 1670, Standard on Operations and Training for Technical Search and Rescue Incidents, 2009 Edition from chapters 4, 8, and 12 so that rescue organizations have the capabilities to deliver vehicle and machinery rescue successfully in their jurisdictions.
Vehicle Extrication Levels I & II: Principles and Practice combines current content with dynamic features and interactive technology to better support instructors and organizations to help prepare future high performing technical rescuers. Modern technologies including alternative powered vehicles and all electric vehicles are covered. Stand-alone chapters on Commercial Vehicles and Agricultural Extrication ensure Level II skills are comprehensively addressed.


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